The current study explored parental processes associated with children’s global self-esteem development.
Eighty 5- to 13-year-olds and one of their parents provided qualitative and quantitative data through questionnaires,
open-ended questions, and a laboratory-based reminiscing task. Parents who included more explanations
of emotions when writing about the lowest points in their lives were more likely to discuss
explanations of emotions experienced in negative past events with their child, which was associated with
child attachment security. Attachment was associated with concurrent self-esteem, which predicted relative
increases in self-esteem 16 months later, on average. Finally, parent support also predicted residual increases
in self-esteem. Findings extend prior research by including younger ages and uncovering a process by which
two theoretically relevant parenting behaviors impact self-esteem development.
Generativity is an adult’s concern for and commitment to promoting the well-being of future generations. Analyzing lengthy life-narrative interviews of late-midlife adults, we examined the extent to which a particular kind of life story is empirically linked to self-report measures of generativity and other indices of psychosocial adaptation in midlife. The results showed that highly generative adults are significantly more likely than their less-generative counterparts to construe their lives as variations on a prototypical redemption narrative, wherein the story’s protagonist (a) enjoys an early advantage in life, (b) exhibits sensitivity to the suffering of other people, (c) develops a clear moral framework, (d) repeatedly transforms negative scenes into positive outcomes, and (e) pursues prosocial goals for the future. The psychological and cultural features of redemptive life stories are considered, as are the problems and potentialities of life-narrative research in psychological science.